Take care of your gums, it is the most important tissue to protect your tooth roots. If you don't treat it quickly, it will lead to serious periodontal disease and can affect your overall health.

Dr Ana Ospina
Dr Ana Ospina


What is Periodontics?

It is a specialty that treats diseases affecting the gums and supporting structures of the teeth. This branch of dentistry is one of the most important, can restore and treat infections of all kinds in the gums, preserving the main support structure of the teeth.

What is periodontal disease?

Periodontal disease affects the tissues that surround and support the tooth; in the more advanced stages the tissue is diminishing and can cause infections in the teeth or bone, causing irreparable damage. It can range from a simple gingivitis, to an infection that eats the gums, causing tooth loss.

Why does periodontal disease occur?

The main cause of periodontal disease is the presence of bacterial plaque on tooth surfaces. When there is insufficient oral hygiene, bacteria can multiply rapidly and cause damage to the supporting tissues of the teeth, generating from gum inflammation to bone loss. There are associated risk factors such as smoking or uncontrolled diabetes.

What is the Periodontics procedure?

The objective of periodontal treatments is to thoroughly clean the supporting tissues of the teeth and prevent damage to the surrounding bone. Also, some treatments attempt to correct, improve or recover structures that have been affected by previous periodontal disease.

Types or stages of periodontal diseases


Gingivitis is defined as inflammation of the gums, it can occur due to plaque accumulation or it can be a manifestation of a systemic disease. Gingivitis is reversible after optimal treatment and guided by a specialist.

2. Periodontitis 

Periodontitis is a chronic inflammatory disease, which leads to the loss of the supporting apparatus of the tooth, i.e. gum loss and bone loss. It is classified into periodontitis, necrotizing periodontitis and periodontitis as a manifestation of systemic diseases. Depending on the condition of the patient's mouth, this pathology may be reversible or the lost tissue may be restored.

Dental cases

Frequently Asked Questions

There are some signs that can help us identify the presence of the disease, these are: Bleeding and swelling of the gums, where commonly the anatomy or shape of the gum is lost, redness, mobility and/or tooth loss. The patient may also report symptoms such as discomfort in the teeth, bad breath and metallic taste.

  • Through proper daily hygiene (brushing, flossing, mouthwash), the proliferation of bacteria that can attack the gums can be prevented. 
  • Visit the dentist every 6 months for calculus removal and disease diagnosis. 
  • In the presence of any of the symptoms mentioned in the previous question, you should go immediately to the dentist and prevent more serious diseases.
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